Category: Css flexbox vertical align

As web design has progressed, there have been different standard ways to arrange elements on a website. CSS flexbox is a relatively new yet powerful way to create layouts and something every web developer and designer should be familiar with. The post below will talk about what flexbox is, why it matters, and its underlying concept.

After that, we will go over the CSS properties and values associated with flexbox in detail and finish up with an example of a use case.

css flexbox vertical align

Flexbox stands for flexible box. Of course, the technology to place web components on a page is not new. Since the beginning of the Internet, web designers have used different ways to place images, text, and other content where they wanted it to be.

So, while designers and developers made do for a long time, there were still a bunch of design patterns that were either impossible or needed JavaScript to work.

Common examples are vertical centering and equal columns, two of the holy grails of web design. The way flexbox works is quite simple on the surface: You have a container flex container with children any elements contained within, called flex itemswhich are placed along flex lines. Lines and items can be manipulated in layout, size, spacing, and more along both the vertical and horizontal axis using a multitude of operators.

This allows you to best take advantage of the available space and lets elements arrange themselves automatically according to it. As mentioned, flexbox is a whole CSS module, not a single property. Therefore, it comes with a whole lot of its own operators, some for the parent container, some for its children.

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As you can see, a lot about flexbox is rather abstract and not absolutely defined. Consequently, much of the CSS below is dependent on your setup. For larger layouts, consider Grid more on that some other time. Flexbox, on the other hand, is most appropriate for small-scale layouts and applications, such as:. Flexbox was first proposed at the beginning of the past decade and recommended by the W3C for adoption in Since then, browsers have started supporting it and, by now, all modern browsers are able to deal with flexbox.

With the properties below, you can manipulate your layout both by assigning traits to the container and also to items individually. We will start with the former and then move on to the latter. This defines the main axis and, as a consequence, the direction in which your flex items are placed.

This also allows you to change the order of items, which used to require altering the underlying HTML.

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The default behavior of items within a flex container is to arrange themselves in one row. The flex-flow property allows you to define both main axes of the container. The default value is row nowrapall possible values from the two properties above apply.

The next flexbox CSS property defines the item alignment on the main axis. It decides what happens with any available free space and has some control over the alignment when items get wider than their container. Here are the values you can choose from:. Beware that browser support for these values is a bit spotty. The safest values are flex-startflex-endand center.

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This property controls how items align across the cross axis. Here are the available values:. This property is responsible for controlling flex lines if there is extra space available on the cross axis.Join Stack Overflow to learn, share knowledge, and build your career.

Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Using CSS flexbox, how can I simultaneously vertically center the content of all divs in a row while keeping the same height on all of them without using the css height attribute? There is no reason to do this with Flexbox. Learn more. Asked 7 years, 4 months ago. Active 9 months ago. Viewed 39k times. Improve this question. Ben Stephen Stephen 7, 7 7 gold badges 37 37 silver badges 66 66 bronze badges.

This question should be closed unless the OP wishes to copy their content here to Stack Overflow Active Oldest Votes. Improve this answer. Ben Ben The perfect solution, and works in IE as well. It is nice to have both possibilities. I would remove the first sentence of the answer : "There is no reason to do this with Flexbox.

Some of us have jumped the full-fledged flexbox approach to containers. Much much better to take the time to learn flexbox rather than using old techniques like this.

Also, the only reason that flexbox comparison is long is because cimmanon wrote out the browser prefixes, css preprocessors take care of this.Compared to CSS Grid which is bi-dimensionalflexbox is a one-dimensional layout model.

It will control the layout based on a row or on a column, but not together at the same time. The main goal of flexbox is to allow items to fill the whole space offered by their container, depending on some rules you set. Unless you need to support old browsers like IE8 and IE9, Flexbox is the tool that lets you forget about using. While we must wait a few years for users to catch up on CSS Grid, Flexbox is an older technology and can be used right now.

Some flexbox properties apply to the container, which sets the general rules for its items. They are. The first property we see, flex-directiondetermines if the container should align its items as rows, or as columns:. By default items start from the left if flex-direction is rowand from the top if flex-direction is column. You can change this behavior using justify-content to change the horizontal alignment, and align-items to change the vertical alignment. As you can see there, items dimensions are aligned.

By default items in a flexbox container are kept on a single line, shrinking them to fit in the container. To force the items to spread across multiple lines, use flex-wrap: wrap. This will distribute the items according to the order set in flex-direction. Use flex-wrap: wrap-reverse to reverse this order. A shorthand property called flex-flow allows you to specify flex-direction and flex-wrap in a single line, by adding the flex-direction value first, followed by flex-wrap value, for example: flex-flow: row wrap.

Single items can have a certain amount of independence and flexibility, and you can alter their appearance using those properties:.

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Items are ordered based on a order they are assigned. By default every item has order 0 and the appearance in the HTML determines the final order. You can override this property using order on each separate item.

Vertically Centering Text, With Flexbox

This is a property you set on the item, not the container. You can make an item appear before all the others by setting a negative value.

An item can choose to override the container align-items setting, using align-selfwhich has the same 5 possible values of align-items :. If all items are defined as 1 and one is defined as 3, the bigger element will shrink 3x the other ones.

When less space is available, it will take 3x less space. If set to autoit sizes an item according to its width or height, and adds extra space based on the flex-grow property. Download my free CSS Handbook.It is used to set the length of flexible items. The flex property is much responsive and mobile friendly. It is easy to positioning child elements and the main container. Order of any element can be easily changed without editing the HTML section.

The flexbox was added to the CSS standards a few years ago to manage space distribution and element alignment. Basically it is one-dimensional layout syntax. Vertical align to center: The flexbox property is used to set the content to vertical align. The text content can be aligned vertically by setting the following display properties:. Horizontally centering is managed by the justify-content property and vertical centering by align-items property.

Example 2: This example illustrates how to set left align text vertically in a flexbox using CSS. Writing code in comment? Please use ide. Skip to content. Related Articles.

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Last Updated : 12 Apr, The text content can be aligned vertically by setting the following display properties: align-items justify-content flex-direction align-items and justify-content are the important properties to absolutely center text horizontally and vertically. Example 1: This example set the text content vertically align to center.

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Vertically align text content. Recommended Articles. Article Contributed By :. Easy Normal Medium Hard Expert. Article Tags :. Most popular in CSS. How to position a div at the bottom of its container using CSS? How to select all child elements recursively using CSS? How to make elements float to center? Most visited in Web Technologies.

css flexbox vertical align

Web 1. JavaScript Number toString Method How to calculate the number of days between two dates in javascript? HTML Calculator. Load Comments. We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website.We use cookies to improve user experience, and analyze website traffic. Centering elements vertically with CSS often gives trouble. However, there are several ways of vertical centering, and each is easy to use. The vertical-align property is used to vertically center inline elements.

With Flexbox, it is possible to align elements vertically or horizontally with the align-items, align-self, and justify-content properties. With the display property, we're going to set the elements to "table" and "table cell". We center the content with the vertical-align property. Add the line-height property to the element containing a text larger than its font size.

The following example works for a text with single and multiple lines.

The Flexbox Guide

However, it requires a fixed height container. When vertically aligning a text with the padding property, we must set the top and bottom padding of the parent element to be equal. This method requires some calculations to understand what values are needed on the top and bottom, so as they can grow dynamically. If you set the height to "relative", the calculation will not be needed.

We can vertically align a text with the CSS position and margin properties used with block-level elements. Do not forget to set the height of the element that you want to center. By setting absolute positioning and stretching, we instruct the browser to automatically set the margins of the child element so as they become equal.

Use the CSS vertical-align property The vertical-align property is used to vertically center inline elements. The values of the vertical-align property align the element relative to its parent element: Line-relative values vertically align an element relative to the entire line.

The Ultimate Guide to Flexbox Centering

Values for table cells are relative to the table-height-algorithm, which commonly refers to the height of the row. To learn how to create flexible layouts optimized for multiple devices, read our Flexbox Guide. Get Paid. Sorry about that How can we improve it? Thanks for your feedback! Do you find this helpful? Yes No.There are multiple use cases when it can be a godsend; horizontal and vertical centering is one of them.

Flexbox centering solves common alignment problems you might encounter when working with the traditional CSS box model. It allows you to center items within their container both horizontally and vertically with just a few lines of CSS code. Flexbox is a one-dimensional layout module which means that your layouts are based on either rows or columns. You can set the direction of the layout using the flex-direction property you need to use on the flex container. It can take four values: rowrow-reversecolumnand column-reverse.

This is how the four different flex directions look like on the screen:. So, if you want to display the items in more than one rows or columns, add the flex-wrap: wrap; rule to the flex container, too. Instead, it works with main and cross axes, which on the screen, do look like horizontal and vertical centering.

The direction of the main and cross axes depends on the value of the aforementioned flex-direction property. In row-based flexbox layouts row and row-reversethe main axis runs in horizontal direction, while the cross axis is vertical.

On the other hand, in column-based flexbox layouts column and column-reversethe main axis runs vertically, while the cross axis is horizontal.

You need to use the justify-content property to center flex items along the main axis. Its default value is flex-start which aligns all the items inside the flex container to the beginning of the main axis.

If you want to center the items you need to use it with the center value. In the case of row-based layouts, the following CSS code centers the items horizontally as here, the main axis also runs horizontally :. And, in the case of column-based layouts, the same justify-content property aligns the items vertically as here, the main axis runs vertically :.

As in the examples above, we have centered the flex items, the row-reverse and column-reverse directions work in the same way as row and column.

css flexbox vertical align

This is because the center of the main axis is at the same distance from both the start and end points. However, note that if you want to use the justify-content property with another value such as flex-endthe resulting layouts will look different when the directions are reversed. As flexbox is a one-dimensional layout, the cross axis has a secondary role. Flex items flow along the main axis.The Flexible Box Layout Module, makes it easier to design flexible responsive layout structure without using float or positioning.

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css flexbox vertical align

Float Clear Float Examples. Navbar Vertical Navbar Horizontal Navbar. Linear Gradients Radial Gradients. Shadow Effects Box Shadow. You will learn more about flex containers and flex items in the next chapters. Get your certification today! View options. HOW TO. Your message has been sent to W3Schools.

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Vertical and Horizontal Centering

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